Download the research brief pdf icon ~ above Opportunities for Nutrition education and learning in Schools.
Schools play an important role in help students create healthy eating behaviors, by providing:

Nutritious and appealing foods and also beverages.Consistent and also accurate messages about an excellent nutrition.Ways to learn around and practice healthy and balanced eating.1

Nutrition education and learning is a critical part the a an extensive health education program and also empowers youngsters with understanding and an abilities to make healthy and balanced food and beverage choices.2-8

US college student receive much less than 8 hours of compelled nutrition education each institution year,9 far below the 40 come 50 hrs that are necessary to impact behavior change.10,11 Additionally, the portion of colleges providing compelled instruction on nutrition and also dietary actions decreased native 84.6% come 74.1% in between 2000 and 2014.9

Given the important role that diet dram in avoiding chronic diseases and supporting great health, colleges would ideally carry out students with an ext hours that nutrition education and learning instruction and also engage teachers and parents in nutrition education and learning activities.5, 12Research reflects that nutrition education can teach student to recognize how healthy diet influences emotional well-being and also how emotions may affect eating habits. However, since schools confront many demands, institution staff can consider ways to add nutrition education and learning into the existing schedule.11

Nutrition education and learning can be included throughout the college day and also in various areas within a school. This offers flexibility enabling schools come use methods that occupational with your settings, day-to-day schedule, and resources.

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In the Classroom

Nutrition education and learning can take location in the classroom, either with a stand-alone health education class or an unified into various other subjects including2,5:

Counting with photos of fruits and also vegetables.Learning fountain by measure up ingredients for a recipe.Examining just how plants grow.Learning about social food traditions.

Nutrition education should align v the national Health education Standards and also incorporate the features of an effective health education and learning curriculum.


Farm come School

Farm-to-school programs differ in each institution or district, but often include one or much more of the adhering to strategies:

Purchasing and serving neighborhood or regionally produced foods in the college meal programs.Educating students about agriculture, food, health, and nutrition.Engaging student in manual learning opportunities through gardening, cooking lessons, or farm ar trips.

Students who participate in farm-to-school activities have boosted knowledge about nutrition and also agriculture, are much more willing come try new foods, and consume much more fruits and vegetables.14-17


School Gardens

School garden programs can increase students’ nutrition knowledge, willingness to try fruit and vegetables, and also positive attitudes around fruits and vegetables.18-22 institution gardens vary in size and also purpose. Schools might have home window sill gardens, elevated beds, greenhouses, or planted fields.

Students can prepare the floor for the garden, tree seeds, harvest the fruits and vegetables, and taste the food indigenous the garden. Develop from school gardens can be incorporated into college meals or taste tests. Class teachers deserve to teach great in math, science, history, and also language arts utilizing the school garden.


In the Cafeteria

Cafeterias are learning labs whereby students room exposed to new foods v the college meal program, see what well balanced meals look like, and also may be encouraged to try new foods with verbal prompts from institution nutrition staff, 23 or taste tests.24-25 Cafeterias may also be decorated through nutrition promotion posters or college student artwork fostering healthy eating.24


Other opportunities During the school Day

Schools can include messages about nutrition and healthy eating right into the following:

Morning announcements.School assemblies.Materials sent residence to parents and guardians.24Staff meetings.Parent-teacher team meetings.

These techniques can help reinforce message about good nutrition and help ensure the students see and hear continuous information around healthy eating across the school campus and also at home.2 parental for healthy and balanced Schools: concepts for Parents

Dietary Guidelines because that Americans, 2020–2025external icon

Introduction to college Gardenspdf iconexternal icon

Learning with the Gardenexternal icon

National Farm-to-School Networkexternal icon

National Health education Standards

Team Nutrition Curriculaexternal icon

USDA farm yard to Schoolexternal icon

Centers for an illness Control and also Prevention. Comprehensive frame for Addressing the institution Nutrition Environment and also Services. Atlanta, GA: Centers for disease Control and Prevention, united state Dept of Health and Human Services; 2019.Centers for disease Control and Prevention. School wellness guidelines come promote healthy and balanced eating and also physical activity. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60(RR-5):1–76.Joint Committee on national Health education and learning Standards. National Health education and learning Standards: achieve Excellence. 2nd ed. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society; 2007.Centers for disease Control and Prevention. Health education and learning Curriculum evaluation Tool, 2012, Atlanta, GA: Centers for disease Control and Prevention, us Department of Health and also Human Services; 2012. Accessible at Accessed April 9, 2019.Price C, Cohen D, Pribis P, Cerami J. Nutrition education and body mass index in qualities K–12: a systematic review. J Sch Health. 2017;87:715–720.Meiklejohn S, Ryan L, Palermo C. A systematic evaluation of the influence of multi-strategy nutrition education programs on health and also nutrition the adolescents. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2016;48:631–646.Silveira JA, Taddei JA, Guerra PH, Nobre MR. The effect of authorized in school-based nutrition education interventions on human body mass index: A meta-analysis the randomized controlled community trials. Prev Med. 2013;56:237–243.Results native the School health and wellness Policies and also Practices examine 2014. Atlanta, GA: Centers for disease Control and also Prevention; 2014.Connell DB, Turner RR, Mason EF. Outcomes of the institution health education and learning evaluation: health and wellness promotion effectiveness, implementation, and costs. J Sch Health. 1985;55(8):316–321.Institute the Medicine. Nutrition education in the K–12 Curriculum: The function of national Standards: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The national Academies Press; 2014.Murimi MW, Moyeda-Carabaza AF, Nguyen B, Saha S, Amin R, Njike V. Factors that contribute to effective nutrition education interventions in children: a organized review. Nutr Rev. 2018;76(8):553–580.Hayes D, Contento IR, Weekly C. Place of the American Dietetic Association, college Nutrition Association, and culture for Nutrition Education: substantial school nutrition services. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018; 118:913–919.Joshi A, Misako Azuma A, Feenstra G. Carry out farm-to-school programs make a difference? Findings and future research needs. J Hunger Environ Nutr. 2008;3:229–246.Moss A, blacksmith S, Null D, long Roth S, Tragoudas U. Farm to school and nutrition education: positively affecting elementary school-aged children’s nutrition knowledge and consumption behavior. Child Obes. 2013;9(1):51–6.Bontrager Yoder AB, Liebhart JL, McCarty DJ, Meinen A, Schoeller D, Vargas C, LaRowe T. Farm to elementary college programming increases access to fruits and also vegetables and also increases their consumption among those with low intake. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014;46(5):341–9.Berezowitz CK, Bontrager Yoder AB, Schoeller DA. Institution gardens enhance academic performance and dietary outcomes in children. J Sch Health. 2015;85:508–518.Davis JN, Spaniol MR, Somerset S. Sustenance and sustainability: maximizing the influence of college gardens on health outcomes. Public health Nutr. 2014;18(13):2358–2367.Langellotto GA, Gupta A. Gardening boosts vegetable usage in school-aged children: A meta-analytical synthesis. Horttechnology. 2012;22(4):430–445.Savoie-Roskos MR, Wengreen H, Durward C. Raising Fruit and also Vegetable Intake amongst Children and Youth v Gardening-Based Interventions: A organized Review. Journal that the Academy the Nutrition and also Dietetics 2017;11(2):240–50.Schwartz M. The influence of a verbal prompt on college lunch fruit consumption: a pilot study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act.

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2007;4:6.Fulkerson JA, French SA, Story M, Nelson H, Hannan PJ. Promotions to increase lower-fat food choices amongst students in an additional schools: description and also outcomes of taco (Trying alternative Cafeteria choices in Schools). Public health Nutr. 2003;7(5):665–674.
Content source: division of population Health, National facility for Chronic disease Prevention and Health Promotion
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