Potential energy is stored energy from an object. Instead of coming from motion, it can come from its position relative to others, internal stress, electric charge, or its condition. This object has the capability of producing energy as these conditions change. This energy could be mechanical energy, chemical energy, electric energy, nuclear energy, or magnetic energy.
You are watching: Which of these is an example of kinetic energy?
Boy archer with bow and arrow
Mechanical Potential Energy
Mechanical energy is the energy of movement. All items have potential energy based on their position (gravitational potential energy) and ability to bounce (elastic potential energy). When the potential energy of an object is combined with its kinetic energy, it results in mechanical energy.
nadechworld.com of Gravitational Potential Energy
When something has a high position, its gravitational potential energy is high. For example, a book on a high bookshelf has higher potential energy than a book on the bottom shelf because it has farther to fall. Other nadechworld.com of items with gravitational potential energy include:
A raised weightWater that is behind a damA car that is parked at the top of a hillA yoyo before it is releasedRiver water at the top of a waterfallA book on a table before it fallsA child at the top of a slideRipe fruit before it falls
nadechworld.com of Elastic Potential Energy
The material an item is made of can affect its potential energy as well. An elastic ball has higher elasticity than a bowling ball; therefore, it will bounce higher with the same amount of force. Here are some more nadechworld.com of items with elastic potential energy.
A coiled springAn archer”s bow with the string pulled backA stretched rubber bandSoccer balls before players kick themA diving board just before someone dives
If you’d like nadechworld.com of kinetic mechanical energy, check out this helpful list of everyday items that use mechanical energy.
Chemical Potential Energy
Chemical energy occurs when energy is released during a chemical reaction. Potential chemical energy is the energy stored in the bonds of these chemicals, ready to react with another chemical. Some nadechworld.com include:
A charged batteryExplosivesGreen leaves before the sun shines on them (potential photosynthesis)Gasoline before it is ignitedFireworks before they are launchedWood in a fireplace before it burnsIron before it gets wet and rustsFruit juice before it fermentsThe wick in a candle
Looking for more nadechworld.com of chemical energy? Check out an article that details nine ways you might see chemical energy in daily life.
Electric Potential Energy
When you see a light switch that’s off, you can’t see the charge that’s waiting to flow through the wires. That’s just one example of electric potential energy. Additional nadechworld.com include:
An incandescent light bulb that is turned offYour car”s headlights before they are turned onA radio tower that is not workingA cell phone that is turned offSolar cells at nightA black light turned offA television before it is turned on
For more nadechworld.com of electric energy in action, read an article about household items that use electric energy.
Nuclear Potential Energy
Nuclear potential energy is stored in the particles of an atom. When the atom is split (in nuclear fission) or atoms are combined (in nuclear fusion), the energy released becomes kinetic energy. Learn more about the uses of nuclear energy.
Magnetic Potential Energy
Like gravitational potential energy, magnetic potential energy affects how items work based on their position. Items with high magnetic potential energy, such as metal spoons or ball bearings, respond strongly to a magnetic force. Objects with lower magnetic potential energy, such as a plastic spoon or a rubber ball, are not as affected by a magnetic pull.
Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy
The laws of physics mandate that almost every item has some kind of potential energy. When force is applied to the object, it converts to kinetic energy.