The four main properties of musical sounds are pitch, dynamics,tone color, and ___?
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called ?
The ____ of a sound is decided by the frequency of its vibrations.
What is pitch in music?
The relative highness or lowness that we hear in sound
A specific pitch corresponds to a specific _____.
How is the frequency of vibrations measured?
In cycles per second
In general, the smaller the vibrating element, the _____ its pitch.
In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called a ____.
A tone in music is a sound that ______.
has a definite pitch
The distance in pitch between any two tones is called ______.
If a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at ____ cycles.
The interval that occurs when two different tones blend so well when sounded together that they seem to merge into one tone, is called a(n) ______.
When tones are separated by the interval called a(n) ______, they sound very much alike.
The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called ______.
To what does dynamics in music refer?
The degree of loudness and softness
The loudness of a sound is related to the _________ of the vibration that produces the sound.
A dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer does what?
Emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it
When a performer emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it, it is called a ______.
When notating music for others to read, composers traditionally have used ____________ words to indicate dynamics.
The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively ______.
Pianissimo, Piano, Fortissimo
A gradual increase in loudness is known as a ______.
A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a ______.
Timbre is synonymous with ______.
Tone color is synonymous with ______.
Why is it more difficult to sing than to speak?
Singing demands a greater supply of air and control of breath. Vowel sounds are held longer in singing than in speaking. Wider ranges of pitch and volume are used in singing than in speaking.
On what does the range of a singer’s voice depend?
Training and physical makeup
While professional singers can command a pitch range of two octaves or more, an untrained voice is usually limited to about ______.
An octave and a half
Which of the following is not a normal classification of male voice ranges?
To what does register refer?
Part of an instrument’s total range
The ________ is a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
The element of music defined as the ordered flow of music through time, or more specifically, the particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music, is ______.
The organization of beats into regular groups is called ______.
The first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the ______.
_____________ is the effect of unexpected accents in the music.
Which of the following is a characteristic feature of jazz music?
The term ___________ refers to the speed of the beat of the music.
The Italian term __________ is a tempo marking to indicate a moderately slow or walking pace.
The Italian term _____________ is a tempo marking to indicate a lively pace.
Which of the following is the slowest tempo indication?
A gradual slowing-down of tempo is indicated by the term ______.
What is melody?
A series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole
The distance between a melody’s lowest and highest tones is known as its _______.
A melody is said to move by steps if it moves by ______.
Adjacent scale tones
The emotional focal point of a melody is called the ______.
Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody ______.
In a short,detached manner
A smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as ______.
A part of a melody is called a ______. It can be sung on one breath and ends at a point of full or partial rest.