Architecture

2) The Compound Ch3Ch2Sh Is In The Organic Family Known As Hcards

L> Organic Compound and Group NamesThe Principal Functional Groups of OrganicChemistry Hydrocarbons (Carbon and Hydrogen Compounds) Compound Examples Acceptable Name Characteristic Reactions Alkanes CH3CH3 Ethane Free-radical substitution Alkenes CH2=CH2 Ethene or ethylene Electrophilic addition Alkynes Ethyne or acetylene Electrophilic addition Dienes CH2=CHCH=CH2 1,3-Butadiene Electrophilic addition Arenes Benzene (C6H6 ) Electrophilic subsitution .. Functional Group Containing Compounds Compound Examples Acceptable Name Characteristic Reactions Alkyl halides CH3CH2Cl Chloroethane or ethyl chloride Nucleophilic subsitution; elimination Alkenyl halides CH2=CHCl Chloroethene or vinyl chloride Electrophilic addition; elimination Aryl halides C6H5Cl Chlorobenzene Electrophilic & nucleophilic aromatic substituion Alcohols CH3CH2OH Ethanol or ethyl alcohol Dehydration; esterification Phenols C6H5OH Phenol Electrophilic subsitution Epoxides Ethylene oxide or oxirane Nucleophilic ring opening Aldehydes CH3CHO Ethanal or acetaldehyde Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl Ketone CH3COCH3 2-Propanone or acetone Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl Carboxylic acids CH3COOH Ethanoic (acetic) acid Acid ionization; ester formation Acyl halides CH3COCl Ethanoyl (acetyl) chloride Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Acid anhydrides Ethanoic (acetic) anhydride Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Esters Ethyl ethanoate (acetate) Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Amides CH3CONHCH3 N-Methylethanamide or N-methylacetamide Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Amines CH3CH2NH2 Ethanamine or ethylamine Nitrogen (base) as nucleophile Nitriles CH3CN Ethanenitrile or acetonitrile Nucleophilic addition Nitro comps. C6H5NO2 Nitrobenzene Reduction of nitro to amine Thiols CH3CH2SH Ethanethiol Oxidation to acids or disulfides Sulfides CH3CH2SCH2CH3 Diethyl sulfide Alkylation or oxidation .

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Organic Compounds, and the Types of Reactions They Undergo Compound Examples Acceptable Name Characteristic Reactions Alkanes CH3CH3 Ethane Free-radical substitution Alkenes CH2=CH2 Ethene or ethylene Electrophilic addition Alkynes Ethyne or acetylene Electrophilic addition Dienes CH2=CHCH=CH2 1,3-Butadiene Electrophilic addition Arenes Benzene (C6H6 ) Electrophilic subsitution Alkyl halides CH3CH2Cl Chloroethane or ethyl chloride Nucleophilic subsitution; elimination Alkenyl halides CH2=CHCl Chloroethene or vinyl chloride Electrophilic addition; elimination Aryl halides C6H5Cl Chlorobenzene Electrophilic & nucleophilic aromatic substituion Alcohols CH3CH2OH Ethanol or ethyl alcohol Dehydration; esterification Phenols C6H5OH Phenol Electrophilic subsitution Epoxides Ethylene oxide or oxirane Nucleophilic ring opening Aldehydes CH3CHO Ethanal or acetaldehyde Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl Ketone CH3COCH3 2-Propanone or acetone Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl Carboxylic acids CH3COOH Ethanoic (acetic) acid Acid ionization; ester formation Acyl halides CH3COCl Ethanoyl (acetyl) chloride Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Acid anhydrides Ethanoic (acetic) anhydride Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Esters Ethyl ethanoate (acetate) Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Amides CH3CONHCH3 N-Methylethanamide or N-methylacetamide Nucleophilic acyl subsitution Amines CH3CH2NH2 Ethanamine or ethylamine Nitrogen (base) as nucleophile Nitriles CH3CN Ethanenitrile or acetonitrile Nucleophilic addition Nitro comps. C6H5NO2 Nitrobenzene Reduction of nitro to amine Thiols CH3CH2SH Ethanethiol Oxidation to acids or disulfides Sulfides CH3CH2SCH2CH3 Diethyl sulfide Alkylation or oxidation . Some Commonly Encountered Groups Group Name Group Name CH3 — Methyl CH3CH2 — Ethyl CH3CH2CH2 — Propyl or n-propyl (CH3)2CH — 1-Methylethyl or isopropyl CH3CH2CH2CH2 — Butyl or n-butyl |CH3CHCH2CH3 1-Methylpropyl or sec-butyl (CH3)3C — 1,1-Dimethylethyl or tert-butyl (CH3)2CHCH2 — 2-Methylpropyl or isobutyl (CH3)3CCH2 — 2,2-Dimethylpropyl or neopentyl CH2=CH — Ethenyl or vinyl CH2=CHCH2 — 2-Propenyl or allyl |CH2=CCH3 1-Methylvinyl or isopropenyl |CH3C=O Ethanoyl or acetyl Phenyl (C6H5 — ) Phenylmethyl or benzyl (C6H5-CH2 — ) Benzenecarbonyl or benzoyl (C6H5-CO — )

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