Architecture

Overreaching Is A Factor That Contributes To Falls, Quiz #2_Fall Prevention

Definition

Fall hazards are present at most worksites, and many workers are exposed to these hazards on a daily basis. A fall hazard is anything at your worksite that could cause you to lose your balance or lose bodily support and result in a fall. Any walking or working surface can be a potential fall hazard.

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Any time you are working at a height of four feet or more, you are at risk. OSHA generally requires fall protection be provided at four feet in general industry, five feet in maritime and six feet in construction. However, regardless of the fall distance, fall protection must be provided when working over dangerous equipment and machinery. The importance of fall protection cannot be stressed enough.

Falls from heights are the leading cause of fatalities in construction, while falls on the same level (slips and trips) are one of the leading causes of injuries.

Examples

Fall hazard incidents are injuries produced by impact between the injured person and the source of injury when the motion producing contact was generated by gravity.

Fall hazards in construction cause accidents such as the following:

A makeshift scaffold collapsed under the weight of four workers and their equipment, seriously injuring all four. A worker carrying a sheet of plywood on a flat roof stepped into a skylight opening and fell to the level below. A roofer, while attempting to remove a roof opening cover, fell approximately 21 feet to the concrete floor below and was killed. A construction worker was working on a carpenters” wall bracket scaffold without fall protection. The worker fell 19 feet to the ground, sustained blunt trauma to the head and later died.
Quiz Instructions

Read the material in each section to find the correct answers to each of the questions. After answering all questions, click the “Check Quiz Answers” button to see your score and a list of missed questions. To correct a question, return to the question, review the material, change your answer, and return to the last section page. Click the “Check Quiz Answers” again to recheck the results.

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1. At what height is fall protection generally required when working above dangerous equipment?

a. Any height b. 4 feet c. 6 feet d. 10 feet

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Statistics

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In the private sector industry, over 20% of all fatalities were in construction. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) more than half of all work-related falls nationally are due to falls in construction. Over half of all fatal construction falls occur in small construction companies with fewer than 10 employees.

The leading causes of private sector worker deaths in the construction industry were falls, followed by struck by object, electrocution, and caught-in/between. These “Fatal Four” were responsible for about 60% of all construction worker deaths in 2017, BLS reports. Eliminating the Fatal Four would save 582 workers” lives in America every year.

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According to The Construction Chart Book (CPWR), most fatalities and nonfatal injuries due to falls are occur in three construction occupations: power-line installers, roofers, and ironworkers. Most fatalities from falls are caused by fall off roofs, ladders, and scaffolds.

Many fall hazards could be prevented by designing the hazards out. for more information and ideas, be sure to bookmark the Prevention Through Design website.

Practice Identifying Hazards

Try to identify the hazards present in each of the pictures below. Then click on the links below to open the examples. Click on each picture to see if you correctly identified the hazards.

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