¿Cuántos? – ¿Cuántas?
CUÁNTO, CUÁNTOS, CUÁNTA, CUÁNTAS are used once we want to know HOW countless or just how MUCH the something there is. These interrogatives (question words) are offered for count or measuring something.
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But why are there four develops of this concern word?
It counts on words (normally a noun) the comes after it and whether the is singular or plural, and if it is woman or feminine. The interrogative requirements to agree in gender and also quantity v the noun that follows it.¿Cuánto? + singular mrs noun¿Cuántos? + plural masculine noun¿Cuánta? + singular feminine noun¿Cuántas? + plural feminine noun
Examples:¿Cuántos niños hay? = How numerous boys are there?¿Cuántas niñas hay? = How numerous girls are there?¿Cuánto dinero necesito? = exactly how much money carry out I need?¿Cuántos libros hay? = just how many publications are there?¿Cuánta ropa tienes? = exactly how much clothes do you have?¿Cuántas horas trabajaste ayer? = How plenty of hours walk you job-related yesterday?
Just like various other question words in Spanish, one of the vowels has actually an accent mark (tilde) end it, in this instance the an initial letter A.
These interrogatives can also appear alone (without a noun after ~ it) despite they still refer to a noun.
If you are talking about apples (manzanas) and also you space asked How many? … you understand they are asking around How countless apples, even though words apples is not added to the question. The exact same happens in Spanish. The human being may just say ¿Cuántas? without words manzanas ~ it. Note how that interrogative end in -AS (cuántAS) since we space talking around manzanAS (plural feminine noun). (We don’t speak the noun again to avoid repetition)
Let’s look at at instances of each one…
Cuánto is normally adhered to by a masculine noun in singular form (or through uncountable nouns). It means How much?
For example:¿Cuánto dinero necesitas? – (How much money perform you need?)¿Cuánto chocolate comes? – (How lot chocolate do girlfriend eat?)
Cuánto can likewise be followed by a verb.
For example:¿Cuánto vale? – (How lot is it?)¿Cuánto cuesta la bicicleta? – (How lot does the bike cost?)¿Cuánto estudias? – (How much do you study?)¿Cuánto pesas? – (How much do girlfriend weigh?)¿Cuánto pagaste por tu pelota? – (How lot did you pay for her ball?)
When cuanto is offered with tiempo or the verb durar, it refers to how LONG (duration that time) other is.¿Cuánto tiempo estuviste en Chile? – (How long to be you in Chile?)¿Cuánto tiempo necesitas? – (How long perform you need?)¿Cuánto durará la prueba? – (How long will the check be?)
More instances of inquiries using Cuánto¿Cuánto dinero tienes? – (How much money carry out you have?)¿Cuánto dura la película? – (How long does the movie last?)
Cuántos is normally adhered to by a masculine noun in plural form. That means How many?
Examples of concerns using Cuántos¿Cuántos libros necesito? – (How countless books do i need?)¿Cuántos hijos tienes? – (How many children do you have?)¿Cuántos cuartos hay en tu casa? – (How countless rooms room there in her house?)
When Cuántos is complied with by años, it means How old…?(In Spanish you usage tener instead of to be when offering an age.)¿Cuántos años tienes? – (How old are you?)
Cuánta is normally complied with by a feminine noun in singular form. It means How much?
Examples of concerns using Cuánta¿Cuánta paciencia tiene la profesora? – (How much patience go the teacher have?)¿Cuánta leche quieres? – (How much milk do you want?)¿Cuánta comida tienes? – (How much food perform you have?)¿Cuánta nieve hay? – (How lot snow is there?)¿Cuánta harina necesitas? – (How much flour do you need?)
Cuántas is normally followed by a feminine noun in plural form. That means How many?
Examples of inquiries using Cuántas¿Cuántas manzanas hay? – (How numerous apples room there?)¿Cuántas personas ves? – (How many people do girlfriend see?)¿Cuántas personas vienen? – (How many people are coming?)¿Cuántas familias hay? – (How countless families room there?)¿Cuántas horas trabajas cada día? – (How many hours do you work-related every day?)
Irregular Nouns with Cuántos
You should be cautious with irregular nouns that finish in an -O but are feminine or end in one -A yet are masculine.
For example:mano ends in one O despite is a feminine word (LA mano).mapa ends in an A though is a masculine word (EL mapa).
For these varieties of nouns, the Interrogative needs to coincide not through the ending of the noun, yet whether it is masculine/feminine or not.
Examples:¿Cuántos problemas tienes? – (How plenty of problems carry out you have?)¿Cuántas manos? – (How countless hands?)¿Cuántos mapas necesitas? – (How many maps carry out you need?)¿Cuántos días hay en febrero? – (How numerous days room there in February?)
Cuánto v prepositions
Sometimes Cuánto appears through a preposition prior to it in Questions.
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More about Cuándo with prepositions will be checked out in another lesson.
So, exactly how do friend say how MUCH or just how MANY in Spanish? … ¿Cuánto? ¿Cuántos? ¿Cuánta? or ¿Cuántas?