Potassium sulfide stood for by the chemical formula K2S is a compound of potassium and sulhair that is moderately soluble in acids <1>. It is deliquescent and may spontaneously ignite in air. It is a reducing agent and an ionic compound <4>.
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Potassium Sulfide Identification
|CAS Number||1312-73-8 <1>|
|PubChem CID||20072150 <3>|
|ChemSpider ID||142491 <2>|
|EC Number||215-197-0 <1>|
Complace and Synthesis
Potassium sulfide deserve to be ready by initially dealing with potassium hydroxide to excess hydrogen sulfide to form potassium hydrosulfide (KHS). Further therapy of KHS through the very same amount of potassium hydroxide geneprices potassium sulfide <9>.
KOH + H2S = KHS + H2O
Potassium Sulfide Formula
Properties and also Characteristics of Potassium Sulfide
|Molar mass/molecular weight||71.158 g/mol <3>|
|Color/appearance||White to yellow powder <4>|
|Melting point/freezing point||840°C, 1544°F <1>|
|Boiling point||912°C, 1674°F <1>|
|Density||1.80 g cm-3 <1>|
|State of matter at room temperature (normal phase)||Solid <1>|
|Solubility in water||N/A <1>|
|pH||>7 (basic) <5>|
|Crystal structure||Tetrahedral <6>|
Potassium Sulfide Structure
Lewis Dot Structure for Potassium Sulfide
Prominent Reactions of K2S
Potassium sulfide reacts with cobalt iii bromide to create cobalt iii sulfide and potassium bromide <10>.
3K2S + 2CoBr3 = Co2S3 + 6KBr
Potassium sulfide reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid to develop potassium chloride and hydrogen sulfide <11>.
K2S + 2HCl = 2 KCl + H2S
It reacts with focused sulfuric acid to offer potassium bisulfate, sulhair dioxide, sulhair and water <13>
K2S + 3H2SO4 = 2KHSO4 + SO2 + S + 2H20
The compound reacts with silver nitrate to form aqueous potassium nitrate and silver sulfide precipitate <12>.
K2S + 2AgNO3 = 2KNO3 + Ag2S
Potassium Sulfide UsesIn pyrotechnics <7>.As a reagent in analytical chemisattempt <4>.As a depilatory and medication <4>.
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Is It Dangerous
It might reason a fire hazard, so prealerts should be taken not to carry it in call through air. In the form of powder or dust, it is explosive. Ingestion, inhalation and also skin contact may cause severe injury and even fatality. It also harmtotally affects the eyes and also skin resulting in eye damages and skin burns. Hence all contact have to be avoided. It emits toxic fumes if heated to decomplace <4>. It is of a corrosive nature and poisonous for the environment <8>.